Italy is the largest wine producer in the world. Despite only gaining a wine elite status in the last few decades, Italy has been producing wine for over 4,000 years. The climate of Italy is perfect for wine production; there are over 400 varieties of wine grapes in Italy produced in 20 wine regions. One-fifth of the world’s wine comes from Italy, with over 1 million vineyards across the country. Italy is one of the most respected and well-reputed wine producers in the world, and has the variety and expertise to back it up. The pairing of Italian wine with Italian food is simple: red with red, and white with white. Red wine goes well with tomato-based dishes and both white and red goes well with cheesy dishes.