Italy is the largest wine producer in the world. Despite only gaining a wine elite status in the last few decades, Italy has been producing wine for over 4,000 years. The climate of Italy is perfect for wine production, there are over 400 varieties of wine grapes in Italy produced in 20 wine regions. One-fifth of the world’s wine comes from Italy, with over 1 million vineyards across the country. Italy is one of the most respected and well-reputed wine producers in the world, and has the variety and expertise to back it up. The pairing of Italian wine with Italian food is simple: red with red, and white with white. Red wine goes well with tomato-based dishes and both white and red goes well with cheesy dishes.